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Wt::WFormWidget Class Referenceabstract

An abstract widget that corresponds to an HTML form element. More...

#include <Wt/WFormWidget>

Inheritance diagram for Wt::WFormWidget:
Inheritance graph
[legend]

Public Member Functions

 WFormWidget (WContainerWidget *parent=0)
 Creates a WFormWidget with an optional parent.
 
 ~WFormWidget ()
 Destructor. More...
 
WLabellabel () const
 Returns the label associated with this widget. More...
 
virtual void setHidden (bool hidden, const WAnimation &animation=WAnimation())
 Sets the hidden state of this widget. More...
 
virtual WString valueText () const =0
 Returns the current value. More...
 
virtual void setValueText (const WString &value)=0
 Sets the value text. More...
 
void setValidator (WValidator *validator)
 Sets a validator for this field. More...
 
virtual WValidatorvalidator () const
 Returns the validator.
 
virtual WValidator::State validate ()
 Validates the field. More...
 
void setEnabled (bool enabled)
 Sets whether the widget is enabled. More...
 
void setFocus ()
 Gives focus. More...
 
void setFocus (bool focus)
 Changes focus. More...
 
bool hasFocus () const
 Returns whether this widget has focus.
 
virtual void setTabIndex (int index)
 Sets the tab index. More...
 
virtual int tabIndex () const
 Returns the tab index. More...
 
virtual void setReadOnly (bool readOnly)
 Sets the element read-only. More...
 
bool isReadOnly () const
 Returns whether the form element is read-only. More...
 
void setEmptyText (const WString &emptyText)
 Sets the placeholder text (deprecated). More...
 
const WStringemptyText () const
 Returns the placeholder text (deprecated). More...
 
virtual void setPlaceholderText (const WString &placeholder)
 Sets the placeholder text. More...
 
const WStringplaceholderText () const
 Returns the placeholder text. More...
 
EventSignalchanged ()
 Signal emitted when the value was changed.
 
EventSignalselected ()
 Signal emitted when ??
 
EventSignalblurred ()
 Signal emitted when the widget lost focus.
 
EventSignalfocussed ()
 Signal emitted when the widget recieved focus.
 
Signal< WValidator::Result > & validated ()
 Signal emitted when the widget is being validated. More...
 
virtual void refresh ()
 Refresh the widget. More...
 
virtual void setToolTip (const WString &text, TextFormat textFormat=PlainText)
 Sets a tooltip. More...
 
virtual bool setFirstFocus ()
 Set focus on the widget's first descendant. More...
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from Wt::WInteractWidget
 WInteractWidget (WContainerWidget *parent=0)
 Create an InteractWidget with optional parent.
 
EventSignal< WKeyEvent > & keyWentDown ()
 Event signal emitted when a keyboard key is pushed down. More...
 
EventSignal< WKeyEvent > & keyPressed ()
 Event signal emitted when a "character" was entered. More...
 
EventSignal< WKeyEvent > & keyWentUp ()
 Event signal emitted when a keyboard key is released. More...
 
EventSignalenterPressed ()
 Event signal emitted when enter was pressed. More...
 
EventSignalescapePressed ()
 Event signal emitted when escape was pressed. More...
 
EventSignal< WMouseEvent > & clicked ()
 Event signal emitted when a mouse key was clicked on this widget. More...
 
EventSignal< WMouseEvent > & doubleClicked ()
 Event signal emitted when a mouse key was double clicked on this widget. More...
 
EventSignal< WMouseEvent > & mouseWentDown ()
 Event signal emitted when a mouse key was pushed down on this widget. More...
 
EventSignal< WMouseEvent > & mouseWentUp ()
 Event signal emitted when a mouse key was released on this widget. More...
 
EventSignal< WMouseEvent > & mouseWentOut ()
 Event signal emitted when the mouse went out of this widget. More...
 
EventSignal< WMouseEvent > & mouseWentOver ()
 Event signal emitted when the mouse entered this widget. More...
 
EventSignal< WMouseEvent > & mouseMoved ()
 Event signal emitted when the mouse moved over this widget. More...
 
EventSignal< WMouseEvent > & mouseDragged ()
 Event signal emitted when the mouse is dragged over this widget. More...
 
EventSignal< WMouseEvent > & mouseWheel ()
 Event signal emitted when the mouse scroll wheel was used. More...
 
EventSignal< WTouchEvent > & touchStarted ()
 Event signal emitted when a finger is placed on the screen. More...
 
EventSignal< WTouchEvent > & touchEnded ()
 Event signal emitted when a finger is removed from the screen. More...
 
EventSignal< WTouchEvent > & touchMoved ()
 Event signal emitted when a finger, which is already placed on the screen, is moved across the screen. More...
 
EventSignal< WGestureEvent > & gestureStarted ()
 Event signal emitted when a gesture is started. More...
 
EventSignal< WGestureEvent > & gestureChanged ()
 Event signal emitted when a gesture is changed. More...
 
EventSignal< WGestureEvent > & gestureEnded ()
 Event signal emitted when a gesture is ended. More...
 
void setDraggable (const std::string &mimeType, WWidget *dragWidget=0, bool isDragWidgetOnly=false, WObject *sourceWidget=0)
 Configure dragging for drag and drop. More...
 
void setMouseOverDelay (int delay)
 Sets a delay for the mouse over event. More...
 
int mouseOverDelay () const
 Returns the mouse over signal delay. More...
 
virtual void setPopup (bool popup)
 Lets the widget overlay over other sibling widgets. More...
 
virtual void load ()
 Loads content just before the widget is used. More...
 
virtual bool isEnabled () const
 Returns whether the widget is enabled. More...
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from Wt::WWebWidget
 WWebWidget (WContainerWidget *parent=0)
 Construct a WebWidget with a given parent. More...
 
virtual void setPositionScheme (PositionScheme scheme)
 Sets the CSS position scheme. More...
 
virtual PositionScheme positionScheme () const
 Returns the CSS position scheme. More...
 
virtual void setOffsets (const WLength &offset, WFlags< Side > sides=All)
 Sets CSS offsets for a non-statically positioned widget. More...
 
virtual WLength offset (Side s) const
 Returns a CSS offset. More...
 
virtual void resize (const WLength &width, const WLength &height)
 Resizes the widget. More...
 
virtual WLength width () const
 Returns the width. More...
 
virtual WLength height () const
 Returns the height. More...
 
virtual void setMinimumSize (const WLength &width, const WLength &height)
 Sets a minimum size. More...
 
virtual WLength minimumWidth () const
 Returns the minimum width. More...
 
virtual WLength minimumHeight () const
 Returns the minimum height. More...
 
virtual void setMaximumSize (const WLength &width, const WLength &height)
 Sets a maximum size. More...
 
virtual WLength maximumWidth () const
 Returns the maximum width. More...
 
virtual WLength maximumHeight () const
 Returns the maximum height. More...
 
virtual void setLineHeight (const WLength &height)
 Sets the CSS line height for contained text.
 
virtual WLength lineHeight () const
 Returns the CSS line height for contained text. More...
 
virtual void setFloatSide (Side s)
 Specifies a CSS float side. More...
 
virtual Side floatSide () const
 Returns the CSS float side. More...
 
virtual void setClearSides (WFlags< Side > sides)
 Sets the sides that should be cleared of floats. More...
 
virtual WFlags< SideclearSides () const
 Returns the sides that should remain empty. More...
 
virtual void setMargin (const WLength &margin, WFlags< Side > sides=All)
 Sets CSS margins around the widget. More...
 
virtual WLength margin (Side side) const
 Returns a CSS margin set. More...
 
virtual void setHiddenKeepsGeometry (bool enabled)
 Sets whether the widget keeps its geometry when hidden. More...
 
virtual bool hiddenKeepsGeometry () const
 Returns whether the widget keeps its geometry when hidden. More...
 
virtual bool isHidden () const
 Returns whether the widget is set hidden. More...
 
virtual bool isVisible () const
 Returns whether the widget is visible. More...
 
virtual void setDisabled (bool disabled)
 Sets whether the widget is disabled. More...
 
virtual bool isDisabled () const
 Returns whether the widget is set disabled. More...
 
virtual bool isPopup () const
 Returns whether the widget is overlayed. More...
 
virtual void setInline (bool isInline)
 Sets whether the widget is displayed inline or as a block. More...
 
virtual bool isInline () const
 Returns whether the widget is displayed inline or as block. More...
 
virtual void setDecorationStyle (const WCssDecorationStyle &style)
 Sets a CSS decoration style. More...
 
virtual WCssDecorationStyledecorationStyle ()
 Returns the decoration style of this widget. More...
 
virtual void setStyleClass (const WString &styleClass)
 Sets (one or more) CSS style classes. More...
 
virtual WString styleClass () const
 Returns the CSS style class. More...
 
virtual void addStyleClass (const WString &styleClass, bool force=false)
 Adds a CSS style class. More...
 
virtual void removeStyleClass (const WString &styleClass, bool force=false)
 Removes a CSS style class. More...
 
virtual bool hasStyleClass (const WString &styleClass) const
 Returns whether the widget has a style class.
 
virtual void setVerticalAlignment (AlignmentFlag alignment, const WLength &length=WLength())
 Sets the vertical alignment. More...
 
virtual AlignmentFlag verticalAlignment () const
 Returns the vertical alignment. More...
 
virtual WLength verticalAlignmentLength () const
 Returns the fixed vertical alignment that was set. More...
 
virtual void setDeferredToolTip (bool enable, TextFormat textFormat=PlainText)
 Enable deferred tooltip. More...
 
virtual WString toolTip () const
 Returns the tooltip.
 
virtual void setAttributeValue (const std::string &name, const WString &value)
 Sets an attribute value. More...
 
virtual WString attributeValue (const std::string &name) const
 Returns an attribute value. More...
 
virtual void setJavaScriptMember (const std::string &name, const std::string &value)
 Sets a JavaScript member. More...
 
virtual std::string javaScriptMember (const std::string &name) const
 Returns the value of a JavaScript member. More...
 
virtual void callJavaScriptMember (const std::string &name, const std::string &args)
 Calls a JavaScript member. More...
 
virtual bool loaded () const
 Returns whether this widget has been loaded. More...
 
virtual void setId (const std::string &id)
 Sets the CSS Id. More...
 
virtual WWidgetfind (const std::string &name)
 Finds a descendent widget by name. More...
 
virtual void setSelectable (bool selectable)
 Sets as selectable. More...
 
virtual void doJavaScript (const std::string &javascript)
 Executes the given JavaScript statements when the widget is rendered or updated. More...
 
virtual const std::string id () const
 Returns the (unique) identifier for this object. More...
 
void setLoadLaterWhenInvisible (bool)
 Change the way the widget is loaded when invisible. More...
 
const std::vector< WWidget * > & children () const
 Returns contained widgets. More...
 
SignalchildrenChanged ()
 Signal emitted when children have been added or removed. More...
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from Wt::WWidget
virtual ~WWidget ()
 Destructor. More...
 
WWidgetparent () const
 Returns the parent widget. More...
 
virtual void removeChild (WObject *child)
 Removes a child object. More...
 
void setWidth (const WLength &width)
 Sets the width. More...
 
void setHeight (const WLength &height)
 Sets the height. More...
 
virtual void positionAt (const WWidget *widget, Orientation orientation=Vertical)
 Positions a widget next to another widget. More...
 
virtual void toggleStyleClass (const WString &styleClass, bool add, bool force=false)
 Toggles a CSS style class.
 
std::string jsRef () const
 Returns a JavaScript expression to the corresponding DOM node. More...
 
virtual void acceptDrops (const std::string &mimeType, const WString &hoverStyleClass=WString())
 Sets a mime type to be accepted for dropping. More...
 
virtual void stopAcceptDrops (const std::string &mimeType)
 Indicates that a mime type is no longer accepted for dropping. More...
 
virtual void htmlText (std::ostream &out)
 Streams the (X)HTML representation. More...
 
bool isRendered () const
 Returns whether the widget is rendered. More...
 
void hide ()
 Hides the widget. More...
 
void animateHide (const WAnimation &animation)
 Hides the widget using an animation. More...
 
void show ()
 Shows the widget. More...
 
void animateShow (const WAnimation &animation)
 Shows the widget using an animation. More...
 
void enable ()
 Enables the widget. More...
 
void disable ()
 Disable thes widget. More...
 
bool layoutSizeAware () const
 Returns whether the widget is layout size aware. More...
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from Wt::WObject
 WObject (WObject *parent=0)
 Create a WObject with a given parent object. More...
 
virtual ~WObject ()
 Destructor. More...
 
virtual void setObjectName (const std::string &name)
 Sets an object name. More...
 
virtual std::string objectName () const
 Returns the object name. More...
 
void resetLearnedSlots ()
 Resets learned stateless slot implementations. More...
 
template<class T >
void resetLearnedSlot (void(T::*method)())
 Resets a learned stateless slot implementation. More...
 
template<class T >
WStatelessSlot * implementStateless (void(T::*method)())
 Declares a slot to be stateless and learn client-side behaviour on first invocation. More...
 
template<class T >
WStatelessSlot * implementStateless (void(T::*method)(), void(T::*undoMethod)())
 Declares a slot to be stateless and learn client-side behaviour in advance. More...
 
template<class T >
WStatelessSlot * implementJavaScript (void(T::*method)(), const std::string &jsCode)
 Provides a JavaScript implementation for a method. More...
 
void addChild (WObject *child)
 Adds a child object. More...
 
const std::vector< WObject * > & children () const
 Returns the children.
 
WObjectparent () const
 Returns the parent object.
 

Protected Member Functions

virtual void enableAjax ()
 Progresses to an Ajax-enabled widget. More...
 
virtual WStatelessSlot * getStateless (Method method)
 On-demand stateless slot implementation. More...
 
virtual void render (WFlags< RenderFlag > flags)
 Renders the widget. More...
 
virtual void propagateSetEnabled (bool enabled)
 Propagates that a widget was enabled or disabled through children. More...
 

Additional Inherited Members

- Public Types inherited from Wt::WObject
typedef void(WObject::* Method )()
 Typedef for a WObject method without arguments.
 
- Static Public Member Functions inherited from Wt::WWebWidget
static WString escapeText (const WString &text, bool newlinesToo=false)
 Escape HTML control characters in the text, to display literally (deprecated). More...
 
static std::string & escapeText (std::string &text, bool newlinestoo=false)
 Escape HTML control characters in the text, to display literally (deprecated). More...
 
static bool removeScript (WString &text)
 Remove tags/attributes from text that are not passive (deprecated). More...
 
static std::string jsStringLiteral (const std::string &v, char delimiter= '\'')
 Turn a UTF8 encoded string into a JavaScript string literal. More...
 
- Static Protected Member Functions inherited from Wt::WObject
static WObjectsender ()
 Returns the sender of the current slot call. More...
 

Detailed Description

An abstract widget that corresponds to an HTML form element.

A WFormWidget may receive focus, can be disabled, and can have a label that acts as proxy for getting focus. It provides signals which reflect changes to its value, or changes to its focus.

Form widgets also have built-in support for validation, using setValidator(WValidator *). If the validator provide client-side validation, then an invalid validation state is reflected using the style class "Wt-invalid". All validators provided by Wt implement client-side validation.

On the server-side, use validate() method to validate the content using a validator previously set.

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

Wt::WFormWidget::~WFormWidget ( )

Destructor.

If a label was associated with the widget, its buddy is reset to 0.

Member Function Documentation

const WString& Wt::WFormWidget::emptyText ( ) const

Returns the placeholder text (deprecated).

Deprecated:
use placeholderText() instead.
void Wt::WFormWidget::enableAjax ( )
protectedvirtual

Progresses to an Ajax-enabled widget.

This method is called when the progressive bootstrap method is used, and support for AJAX has been detected. The default behavior will upgrade the widget's event handling to use AJAX instead of full page reloads, and propagate the call to its children.

You may want to reimplement this method if you want to make changes to widget when AJAX is enabled. You should always call the base implementation.

See Also
WApplication::enableAjax()

Reimplemented from Wt::WWebWidget.

Reimplemented in Wt::WPushButton.

WStatelessSlot * Wt::WFormWidget::getStateless ( Method  method)
protectedvirtual

On-demand stateless slot implementation.

This method returns a stateless slot implementation for the given method. To avoid the cost of declaring methods to be stateless when they are not used, you may reimplement this method to provide a stateless implementation for a method only when the method is involved in a slot connection.

Use implementStateless() to provide a stateless implementation of the given method, or return the base class implementation otherwise.

Reimplemented from Wt::WWidget.

Reimplemented in Wt::WAbstractToggleButton.

bool Wt::WFormWidget::isReadOnly ( ) const

Returns whether the form element is read-only.

See Also
setReadOnly()
WLabel* Wt::WFormWidget::label ( ) const

Returns the label associated with this widget.

Returns the label (if there is one) that acts as a proxy for this widget.

See Also
WLabel::setBuddy(WFormWidget *)
const WString& Wt::WFormWidget::placeholderText ( ) const

Returns the placeholder text.

See Also
setPlaceholderText()
void Wt::WFormWidget::propagateSetEnabled ( bool  enabled)
protectedvirtual

Propagates that a widget was enabled or disabled through children.

When enabling or disabling a widget, you usually also want to disable contained children. This method is called by setDisabled() to propagate its state to all children.

You may want to reimplement this method if they wish to render differently when a widget is disabled. The default implementation will propagate the signal to all children.

Reimplemented from Wt::WInteractWidget.

Reimplemented in Wt::WPushButton, Wt::WTextEdit, and Wt::WDateEdit.

void Wt::WFormWidget::refresh ( )
virtual

Refresh the widget.

The refresh method is invoked when the locale is changed using WApplication::setLocale() or when the user hit the refresh button.

The widget must actualize its contents in response.

Note
This does *not* rerender the widget! Calling refresh() usually does not have any effect (unless you've reimplemented refresh() to attach to it an effect).

Reimplemented from Wt::WWebWidget.

Reimplemented in Wt::WPushButton, Wt::WComboBox, Wt::WAbstractToggleButton, Wt::WDoubleSpinBox, and Wt::WAbstractSpinBox.

void Wt::WFormWidget::render ( WFlags< RenderFlag flags)
protectedvirtual

Renders the widget.

This function renders the widget (or an update for the widget), after this has been scheduled using scheduleRender().

The default implementation will render the widget by serializing changes to JavaScript and HTML. You may want to reimplement this widget if you have been postponing some of the layout / rendering implementation until the latest moment possible. In that case you should make sure you call the base implementation however.

Reimplemented from Wt::WWebWidget.

Reimplemented in Wt::WLineEdit, Wt::WSlider, Wt::WDateEdit, Wt::WDoubleSpinBox, and Wt::WAbstractSpinBox.

void Wt::WFormWidget::setEmptyText ( const WString emptyText)

Sets the placeholder text (deprecated).

Deprecated:
use setPlaceholderText() instead
void Wt::WFormWidget::setEnabled ( bool  enabled)

Sets whether the widget is enabled.

A widget that is disabled cannot receive focus or user interaction.

This is the opposite of setDisabled().

bool Wt::WFormWidget::setFirstFocus ( )
virtual

Set focus on the widget's first descendant.

Set focus on the widget itself, or on a first descendant, which ever is applicable.

Returns whether focus could be set.

Reimplemented from Wt::WWebWidget.

Reimplemented in Wt::WPushButton.

void Wt::WFormWidget::setFocus ( )

Gives focus.

Giving focus to an input element only works when JavaScript is enabled.

void Wt::WFormWidget::setFocus ( bool  focus)

Changes focus.

When using focus = false, you can undo a previous setFocus() call.

void Wt::WFormWidget::setHidden ( bool  hidden,
const WAnimation animation = WAnimation() 
)
virtual

Sets the hidden state of this widget.

If the widget has a label, it is hidden and shown together with this widget.

Reimplemented from Wt::WWebWidget.

Reimplemented in Wt::WDateEdit.

void Wt::WFormWidget::setPlaceholderText ( const WString placeholder)
virtual

Sets the placeholder text.

This sets the text that is shown when the field is empty.

Reimplemented in Wt::WTextEdit.

void Wt::WFormWidget::setReadOnly ( bool  readOnly)
virtual

Sets the element read-only.

A read-only form element cannot be edited, but the contents can still be selected.

By default, a form element area is not read-only.

See Also
setEnabled()

Reimplemented in Wt::WTextEdit.

void Wt::WFormWidget::setTabIndex ( int  index)
virtual

Sets the tab index.

For widgets that receive focus, focus is passed on to the next widget in the tabbing chain based on their tab index. When the user navigates through form widgets using the keyboard, widgets receive focus starting from the element with the lowest tab index to elements with the highest tab index.

A tab index only applies to widgets than can receive focus (which are WFormWidget, WAnchor, WPushButton), but setting a tab index on any other type of widget will propagate to its contained form widgets.

Widgets with a same tab index will receive focus in the same order as they are inserted in the widget tree.

The default tab index is 0.

See Also
setTabOrder()

Reimplemented from Wt::WWebWidget.

void Wt::WFormWidget::setToolTip ( const WString text,
TextFormat  textFormat = PlainText 
)
virtual

Sets a tooltip.

The tooltip is displayed when the cursor hovers over the widget.

When textFormat is XHTMLText, the tooltip may contain any valid XHTML snippet. The tooltip will then be rendered using JavaScript.

Note: This will set deferred tooltip to false.

See Also
setDeferredTooltip()

Reimplemented from Wt::WWebWidget.

void Wt::WFormWidget::setValidator ( WValidator validator)

Sets a validator for this field.

The validator is used to validate the current input.

If the validator has no parent yet, then ownership is transferred to the form field, and thus the validator will be deleted together with the form field.

The default value is 0.

See Also
validate()
virtual void Wt::WFormWidget::setValueText ( const WString value)
pure virtual

Sets the value text.

This sets the current value from a string value.

Implemented in Wt::WPushButton, Wt::WSlider, Wt::WLineEdit, Wt::WComboBox, Wt::WTextArea, and Wt::WAbstractToggleButton.

int Wt::WFormWidget::tabIndex ( ) const
virtual

Returns the tab index.

See Also
setTabIndex()

Reimplemented from Wt::WWebWidget.

WValidator::State Wt::WFormWidget::validate ( )
virtual

Validates the field.

See Also
validated()

Reimplemented in Wt::WLineEdit, and Wt::WAbstractSpinBox.

Signal<WValidator::Result>& Wt::WFormWidget::validated ( )

Signal emitted when the widget is being validated.

This signal may be useful to react to a changed validation state.

See Also
validate()
virtual WString Wt::WFormWidget::valueText ( ) const
pure virtual

Returns the current value.

This returns the current value as a string.

Implemented in Wt::WPushButton, Wt::WSlider, Wt::WLineEdit, Wt::WComboBox, Wt::WTextArea, and Wt::WAbstractToggleButton.


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